JAC 12th Syllabus 2025 PDF Download ‣ Jharkhand Board Exam Syllabus for All Subjects

JAC 12th Syllabus 2025 – The Jharkhand Academic Council (JAC) will release the JAC Class 12 syllabus 2025 in PDF format. Students can download Jharkhand board syllabus 2025 for arts, science, commerce, and vocational streams from official website, jac.jharkhand.gov.in.

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Students must cover the syllabus at least one month before JAC 12th exam date 2025 arts. Jharkhand Board has yet not announced any reduction of JAC syllabus 2025 class 12. To learn the important details related to JAC syllabus 2025, follow the upcoming section of this article.

jac 12th syllabus

How to Download JAC 12th Syllabus 2025 PDF?

  1. Visit the Jharkhand Academic Council’s official website jac.jharkhand.gov.in/jac/.
  2. Click on ‘Others’ on the top left corner of the home page.
  3. Select ‘Syllabus’ from the drop-down menu.
  4. Finally, select JAC 12th Syllabus 2025 PDF download for your respective streams/ subjects.
Subject StreamNew Syllabus (75%)
JAC Arts, Science, Commerce Syllabus Class 12Download here
JAC 12th Science Model QuestionClick Here
JAC 12th Commerce Model QuestionClick Here
JAC 12th Arts Model QuestionClick Here
Jharkhand Board 12th Syllabus 2025 PDF Download Links

Highlights of JAC 12th syllabus 2025

  • Students in the arts, sciences, commerce, and vocational streams can use the Jharkhand Board 12th syllabus 2025 to identify the topics, they need to learn.
  • Students should be familiar with the Jharkhand board class 12 Syllabus 2025 in order to perform well in board exams and get better marks in Jharkhand Board 12th result 2025.
  • All schools associated with the Jharkhand Board will use this JAC 12th board 2025 syllabus.

Jharkhand Board 12th Exam 2025 Syllabus Overview

Exam NameJharkhand Board Intermediate Examination
Commonly Known asJAC 12th Board Exams
Exam LevelState
Conducting BodyJharkhand Academic Council (JAC)
Mode of ExamPen and Paper
Duration of exam3 hours

JAC 12th Syllabus 2025 for Physics

Below are the chapters that students should prepare for JAC 12th Physics paper.

ChaptersImportant Topics
ElectrostaticsElectric charges, Coulomb’s law, Electric field, Electric flux, Electric potential, Conductors and insulators, Van de Graaff generator, Capacitors, etc
Current ElectricityElectric current, Internal resistance, Kirchhoff’s laws, Potentiometer, Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics, etc
Magnetic Effects of Current and MagnetismOersted’s experiment, Biot – Savart law and its application, Ampere’s law and its applications, moving coil galvanometer, Cyclotron, Force on a current-carrying conductor, Torque, etc
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating CurrentsFaraday’s law, Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents, LCR series circuit, resonance, Alternating currents, AC generator and transformer, etc
Electromagnetic WavesElectromagnetic waves, spectrum, etc
OpticsReflection of light, mirror formula. Refraction of light, Optical instruments, Wave optics, Young’s double-slit experiment, Huygens’ principle, etc
Dual Nature of Matter and RadiationPhotoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations, de Broglie relation, Einstein’s photoelectric equation, Davisson-Germer experiment, etc
Atoms and NucleiRutherford’s model, Bohr model, hydrogen spectrum, radioactive decay law, nuclear fission and fusion, etc
Electronic DevicesSemiconductors, I-V characteristics, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode, etc
Communication SystemsBandwidth of signals, sky and space wave propagation, Propagation of electromagnetic waves
JAC syllabus of class 12 Physics 2025

JAC 12th Syllabus 2025 for Biology

The chapters and important topics of Biology are given in the table below. 

ChaptersImportant Topics
Reproduction,Pollination and fertilization, Reproductive system in male and female, Development of seeds and fruits, Reproductive health, sexually transmitted diseases, etc
Genetics and EvolutionMendelian inheritance, Sex determination in human beings, Linkage and crossing over, DNA, Gene Expression, Genome, Evolution, etc
Biology and Human WelfareAnimal husbandry, immunology, vaccines, Plant breeding, Pathogens, Microbes, etc
Biotechnology and Its ApplicationsRecombinant DNA technology, Genetically modified, Insulin and Bt cotton, etc
Ecology and environmentEcosystems, population and community, Ecological adaptations, National parks and sanctuaries, etc
JAC syllabus of Class 12 Biology

JAC 12th Syllabus 2025 for Chemistry

Below are the topics and chapters that students have to prepare under Jharkhand 12th syllabus 2025 for Chemistry. 

Solid Statepoint defects, calculation of density of unit cell, electrical and magnetic properties of a unit cell, amorphous and crystalline solids
SolutionsTypes of solutions, freezing point, osmotic pressure, etc
ElectrochemistryRedox reactions; conductance in electrolytic solutions,
Chemical KineticsRate of a reaction, factors affecting rates of reaction:
Surface ChemistryAdsorption, Tyndall effect, Emulsions, Brownian movement,
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of ElementsPrinciples and methods of extraction, extraction of aluminum, copper, zinc and iron.
p-Block ElementsGroup 15 elements, Group 16 elements, Group 17 elements, Group 18 elements:
d and f Block ElementsLanthanoids, Actinoids, Electronic Configurations of the d-Block Elements, Properties of the Transition Elements
Coordination CompoundsWerner’s Theory, Some Important Terms, Nomenclature, Bonding in Metal Carbonyls
Haloalkanes and HaloarenesNature of C–X Bond, Nomenclature, Preparation of Haloarenes and Haloalkanes, Chemical Reactions
Alcohols, Phenols and EthersAlcohols and Phenols, Functional Groups, Nomenclature, Ethers, Commercially Important Alcohols
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic AcidsNomenclature and Structure of Carbonyl Group, Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones, Uses of Carboxylic Acids, Chemical Reactions, etc
AminesPreparation of Amines, Classification, Nomenclature, Physical Properties, Preparation of Diazonium Salts, Importance of Diazonium Salts in Synthesis of Aromatic Compounds
BiomoleculesCarbohydrates, Proteins, Enzymes, Vitamins, Nucleic Acids, Hormones
PolymersClassification of Polymers, Molecular Mass of Polymers, Types of Polymerisation Reactions, etc
Chemistry in Everyday LifeDrugs and their Classification, Chemicals in Food, Cleansing Agents
JAC syllabus of Class 12 Chemistry

JAC 12th History Syllabus 2025

In Jharkhand Board 12th syllabus 2025 PDF, students have to study the entire Indian History of different centuries. Remembring relative dates and events help students to score good marks in History. Refer to given topics of Jharkhand 12th syllabus 2025 for History-

Themes in Indian History-I, II & III

  1. The Harappan Civilisation
  2. Early States and Economies (600 BCE-600 CE)
  3. Early Societies (600 BCE-600 CE)
  4. Cultural Developments (600 BCE-600 CE)
  5. Perceptions of Society (tenth to seventeenth centuries)
  6. Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts (eighth to eighteenth centuries)
  7. An Imperial Capital- Vijayanagara (fourteen to sixteen centuries)
  8. Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire (sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)
  9. The Mughal Courts (sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)
  10. Colonialism and the Countryside
  11. 1857 Revolt and its Representations
  12. Colonial Cities- Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
  13. Mahatama Gandhi and Nationalist Development
  14. Understanding the Partition
  15. Framing the Constitution

JAC 12th Syllabus 2025 for English

To get good marks in the JAC Class 12th English paper, students have to show their reading and writing skills in the final board exams. The reading passages should be random. Students have to thoroughly read the passages to answer the questions associated with the passages. The more you practice, the better will be your writing skills.

  1. The uses of different tense forms for different kinds of narration (e.g. media commentaries, reports, programs, etc.).
  2. The use of passive forms in scientific and innovative writings
  3. Converting one kind of sentence/clause into a different kind of structure and other items to exemplify stylistic variations in different discourses
  4. Modal auxiliaries — uses based on semantic considerations.
  5. In the writing section, students have to write an essay, letter, or a short story.

JAC 12th Geography Syllabus 2025

Students should cover all the topics of the Jharkhand 12th syllabus for the Geography subject.

A. Fundamentals of Human Geography

  1. Human Geography: Nature and Scope,
  2. World Population Distribution, Density, and Growth & Human Development
  3. Economic activities
  4. Transport, Communication and International Trade
  5. Human Settlements

B. India: People and Economy

  1. Population: Distribution, Density, Growth and Composition
  2. Migration: Types, Causes and Consequences
  3. Human Development
  4. Human Settlements
  5. Land Resources and Agriculture
  6. Water Resources
  7. Mineral and Energy Resources
  8. Manufacturing Industries
  9. Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian
  10. Transport and Communication
  11. International Trade
  12. Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems

JAC 12th Syllabus 2025 for Mathematics

Below are the chapters of the Jharkhand 12th Mathematics syllabus, students have to solve different types of questions on the given topics.

Mathematics- Part 1

  1. Relations and Functions
  2. Determinants
  3. Inverse Trigonometric Functions
  4. Continuity and Differentiability
  5. Application of Derivatives
  6. Matrices

Mathematics- Part 2

  1. Integrals
  2. Application of Integrals
  3. Differential Equations
  4. Vector Algebra
  5. Three Dimensional Geometry
  6. Linear Programming
  7. Probability

JAC 12th Syllabus 2025 for Political Science

Part 1- World Politics

  1. The Cold War Era
  2. The End of Bipolarity
  3. US Hegemony in World Politics
  4. Alternative Centres of Power
  5. Contemporary South Asia
  6. International Organisations
  7. Security in the Contemporary World
  8. Environment and Natural Resources
  9. Globalisation

Part 2- Politics in India

  1. Challenges of Nation Building
  2. Era of One-Party Dominance
  3. Politics of Planned Development
  4. India’s External Relations
  5. Challenge to and Restoration of Congress System
  6. Crisis of the Democratic Order
  7. Rise of Popular Movements
  8. Regional Aspirations
  9. Recent Developments in Indian Politics

JAC 12th Economics Syllabus 2025

Course 1- Introductory Microeconomics

  • Unit I: Introduction,
  • Unit II: Consumer Behaviour and Demand,
  • Unit III: Producer Behaviour and Supply,
  • Unit IV: Forms of Market and Price Determination,
  • Unit V: Simple Applications of Tools of Demand and Supply Curves.

Course II: Introductory Macroeconomics

  • Unit I: National Income and Related Aggregates — Basic Concepts and Measurement,
  • Unit II: Determination of Income and Employment,
  • Unit III: Money and Banking

JAC 12th Syllabus for Sociology 2025

The given chapters are listed under the JAC Class 12 syllabus. Students have to cover all chapter to get good scores in the examination-

Indian Society

  • Unit I: Structure of Indian Society,
  • Unit II: Social Institutions: Continuity and Change,
  • Unit III: Social Inequality and Exclusion,
  • Unit IV: The Challenges of Unity in Diversity,
  • Unit V: Project Work

Change and Development in India-

  • Unit I: Process of Social Change in India,
  • Unit II: Social Change and the Polity,
  • Unit III: Social Change and the Economy,
  • Unit IV: New Arenas of Social Change,
  • Unity V: Social Movements

Other Class 12 Articles

Tips to cover JAC 12th Syllabus 2025

Students studying for Jharkhand Board 12th examinations should look into the JAC 12th syllabus 2025 to see what they should be studying for the tests. We have listed few tips to achieve good grades in JAC 12th board exams 2025-

  • Prepare all topics from the JAC class 12 Syllabus 2025 one or two months before the start of exams. Students will have adequate time to revise if the syllabus is completed ahead of schedule.
  • Examine previous JAC 12th question papers to learn about the marking method, relevant themes, and types of questions that were asked. These questions and answers can be used as practice papers. Solving these practice papers will help boost your self-assurance.
  • Important equations and facts should be written down in short notes. These brief notes will facilitate and speed up the revision process.
  • Revise the covered material on a regular basis to help you recall the details for a longer period of time, which will help you score higher in the JAC intermediate result 2025.

Also read

FAQS related to JAC 12th syllabus 2025

Which books are the best for covering the JAC syllabus 2025 Class 12?

Jharkhand Board 12th syllabus 2025 PDF includes NCERT syllabus for their curriculum. Hence, students can use the NCERT textbooks of the latest edition to cover the latest syllabus of class 12th JAC 2025.

What is JAC 12th Syllabus 2025 for private candidates?

Jharkhand Board 12th syllabus 2025 for regular, private, and reappearing candidates will be same as given in this article.

Where can I get new JAC Class 12 syllabus 2025?

One can find JAC syllabus 2025 12th class PDF on the official website of Jharkhand board.

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