CBSE Class 12 Political Science Syllabus 2025 PDF, Part-A & B Topics

CBSE had released the CBSE class 12th political science syllabus on its official website, The CBSE Class 12 syllabus is now available in PDF format for the students. For a detailed , read the complete article below. 

The CBSE class 12 Political Science syllabus 2025 contains the parts, topics, and sub-topics which will be asked in the CBSE exam. The CBSE 12th class Political Science syllabus makes it easy for the students to study as they know what to study and what not to study.

cbse class 12 political science syllabus

How to Download the CBSE Class 12 Political Science Syllabus 2025?

In order to download the 12th class Political Science syllabus from the official website, just follow the simple steps mentioned below. 

  • Visit the official website of CBSE,
  • From here click on the ‘CBSE curriculum’ option. 
  • Now, click on the ‘Senior secondary curriculum (XI-XII)’ present on the screen. 
  • After clicking on the senior secondary curriculum the candidates are required to click on ‘Academic electives – Group A’ and then select the ‘political science’ option.
  • The CBSE Class 12 Political Science syllabus 2025 will be displayed on the screen. The candidates can download the syllabus and start with their preparations. 

CBSE 12th Pol Sci Syllabus PDF Download Link

CBSE Class 12 Political Science Syllabus 2025

The CBSE 2025 Political Science syllabus includes topics like New Centers of Power, The End of Bipolarity, UN and its organizations, etc. Students should cover the topics around a month before CBSE exam date 2025 Class 12. For a detailed class 12 syllabus, refer to the table below. 

Contemporary Centres of Power6
Contemporary South Asia6
International Organizations6
Security in the Contemporary World6
Environment and Natural Resources6
Era of One-Party Dominance4
Politics of Planned Development2
India’s External Relations6
Challenges to and Restoration of the Congress System4
The Crisis of Democratic Order4
Regional Aspirations6
Recent Developments in Indian Politics8
Grand Total80

Part-A Contemporary World Politics 

  • The End of Bipolarity: Topics to be focused: a) The Soviet System b) Gorbachev and the disintegration c) Causes and Consequences of disintegration of Soviet Union d) Shock Therapy and its Consequences
  • Contemporary Centres of Power: Topics to be focused: a) European Union b) Association of Southeast Asian Nations c) Rise of China as an economic power d) Japan and South Korea as emerging powers.
  • Contemporary South Asia: Topics to be focused: a) Military and Democracy in Pakistan and Bangladesh b) Monarchy and Democracy in Nepal c) Ethnic Conflict and Democracy in Sri Lanka d) India-Pakistan Conflicts e) India and its Neighbours f) Peace and Cooperation.
  • International Organizations Topics to be focused: a) Meaning and importance of International Organisations b) Evolution of the UN c) Structure and function of International Organisations d) Principal Organs of UN e) Reform of the UN after Cold War f) Reform of Structures, Processes and Jurisdiction of the UN.
  • Security in the Contemporary World Topics to be focused: a) Meaning and Type of Security. b) Traditional Concept of security c) Non-tradition notions of Security. d) New Sources of Threats e) Cooperative Security f) India’s Security strategy.
  • Environment and Natural Resources Topics to be focused: a) Environmental Concerns b) Global Commons
  • c) Common but differentiated Responsibilities d) India’s Stand on Environment Issues e) Environmental Movements
  • Globalisation Topics to be focused: a) Concept of globalisation b) Causes and Consequences of globalisation c) India and globalization d) Resistance to globalization e) India and resistance to globalisation

Part-B Politics in India since Independence 

  1. Challenges of Nation Building Topics to be focused

a) Challenges for the new Nation. b) Partition: Displacement and Rehabilitation. c) Integration of Princely States.

d) Reorganisation of States.

2. Era of One-Party Dominance Topics to be focussed:
a) Challenge of building democracy.

b) Congress dominance in the first three general elect ions.

c)Emergence of opposition parties

3) Politics of Planned Development: Political contestation, The Early Initiatives

4) India’s External Relations: a) International Context, b) The Policy of NonAlignment, c) Peace and conflict with
China, d) India’s Nuclear Policy

5) Challenges to and Restoration of the Congress System: a) Challenge of Political Succession, b) Fourth General election 1967, c) Split in the Congress, d) The 1971 Election and Restoration of Congress.

6) The Crisis of Democratic Order: a) Background to Emergency, b) Declaration of Emergency, c) Lessons of the Emergency, d)Politics after Emergency.

7) Regional Aspirations: a) Region and the Nation, b) Punjab, c) The Northeast.

8) Recent Developments in Indian Politics: a) ) Context of 1990s, B) Era of Coalition, c) Political rise if the Backward Classes, d) Communalism, Secularism and Democracy, e) Emergence of New Consensus, f) Lok Sabha Elections 2004
g) Growing Consensus

CBSE Class 12 Political Science Exam Pattern 

Knowing the CBSE 12th Class exam pattern is another important aspect while preparing for the exams. The CBSE 12th class Political Science exam pattern is as follows. 

Sections Type of Questions Marks per question 
AObjective 1
CParagraph 2
DParagraph 4
EMap and cartoon 5
FParagraph 6
CBSE Class 12 Pol Sci. Exam Pattern 2025

Benefits of CBSE Class 12 Political Science Syllabus 2025

There are a lot of benefits of studying from the CBSE 12th political science syllabus 2025. Some are as follows. 

  • Studying with the help of the syllabus enables a candidate to prepare effectively without studying any extra topic. 
  • The candidates can determine which topic contains maximum marks and put the main focus on those topics. 
  • The syllabus informs the students of the course structure, goals, and learning outcomes. 
  • The CBSE class 12 political science syllabus 2025 helps in maintaining the time of the candidates. 

Also, read

FAQs related to CBSE Class 12 Political Science Syllabus 2025

  1. What is the pattern of the CBSE exam?

    CBSE class 12 question paper 2025 would comprise 20% MCQs or objective questions. 30% would be competency-based questions. The remaining 50% would constitute the subjective or short/long answer questions.

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