Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 PDF Download for Arts, Commerce, Science & Vocational

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 PDF Download – Maharashtra State Board will release HSC 12th Syllabus 2025 Maharashtra Board for Arts, Commerce, Science, General & Vocational stream. Students can visit the official website to download Maharashtra Class 12th Syllabus 2025 Online.
Maharashtra HSC Syllabus PDF 2025 – Download Link

This year, Maharashtra Syllabus 2025 Class 12th has not been reduced. The exams will be held as per complete HSC syllabus 2025 Maharashtra board for science, commerce and arts streams. HSC syllabus 2025 Maharashtra Board includes topics and sub-topics along with marking scheme of the all subjects.

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus Featured Image

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 is same that is followed from the academic year 2012 – 2013 and 2013 – 2014 that helps to prepare for exams well as it covers all the important topics and chapters. Students must cover most of the syllabus at least a month before Maharashtra HSC exam date 2025. This article will help you to know how to download Maharashtra Syllabus Class 12th 2025 and other related things. 

How to Download Class 12th Maharashtra Board HSC Syllabus 2025?

The Maharashtra HSC syllabus 2025 PDF will be available on the official website of Maharashtra Board, Students can download the Maharashtra HSC board syllabus 12th pdf 2023-24 for English, Marathi, Mathematics, Physics, Biology, Chemistry, and other all subjects.

Below, we have provided easy steps to download Maharashtra Class 12th Syllabus 2025.

  • First of all, visit the official website.
  • Click on’Maharashtra HSC syllabus 2025’ link.
  • Choose your subject.
  • Click on the download link of HSC Syllabus 2025 Maharashtra.
  • Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 PDF file will be downloaded.
  • Save the file for future use.

The direct link to download the Maharashtra board Class 10 syllabus 2025 pdf is provided in this article.

SubjectPDF Link
Maharashtra HSC English Syllabus 2024English
Maharashtra HSC Marathi Syllabus 2024Marathi
Maharashtra HSC Gujarati Syllabus 2024Gujarati
Maharashtra HSC Hindi Syllabus 2024Hindi
Maharashtra HSC Urdu Syllabus 2024Urdu
Maharashtra HSC Marathi Literature Syllabus 2024Marathi Literature
Maharashtra HSC Environment Education Syllabus 2024Environment Edu
Maharashtra HSC General Knowledge Syllabus 2024General Knowledge
Maharashtra HSC Sanskrit Syllabus 2024Sanskrit
Maharashtra HSC History Syllabus 2024History
Maharashtra HSC Geography Syllabus 2024Geography
Maharashtra HSC Maths & Stats Syllabus 2024Maths & Stats
Maharashtra HSC Geology Syllabus 2024Geology
Maharashtra HSC Political science Syllabus 2024Political science
Maharashtra HSC Sociology Syllabus 2024Sociology
Maharashtra HSC Psychology Syllabus 2024Psychology
Maharashtra HSC Economics Syllabus 2024Economics
Maharashtra HSC Book Keeping & accounts Syllabus 2024Book keeping
Maharashtra HSC Organisation of commerce Syllabus 2024Org of comm
Maharashtra HSC Secretarial Practice Syllabus 2024Secretarial Practice
Maharashtra HSC Physics Syllabus 2024Physics
Maharashtra HSC Chemistry Syllabus 2024Chemistry
Maharashtra HSC Biology Syllabus 2024Biology
Maharashtra HSC Drawing Syllabus 2024Drawing
Maharashtra HSC Information Tech(Science) Syllabus 2024I.T(Science)
Maharashtra HSC Information Tech(Arts) Syllabus 2024I.T(Arts)
Maharashtra HSC Information Tech(Commerce) Syllabus 2024I.T(Commerce)
HSC Syllabus 2025 Maharashtra Board PDF Download Links

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 Overview

Exam nameMaharashtra HSC Exam 2025
BoardMaharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education (MSBSHSE)
Syllabus release dateJune 2023
Syllabus nameMaharashtra Syllabus 2025 Class 12th

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 Subject-wise

Below, we have provided the subject-wise Class 12th Syllabus Maharashtra 2025 for all the streams (Arts, Commerce and science). Go through the given sections to know the subject wise Maharashtra Board HSC Syllabus 2025.

Also know about Maharashtra Board SSC Syllabus 2025

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 Maths

Mathematical LogicApplications of definite integral
Pair of straight linesApplications of derivative
MatricesDifferential equation
CircleApplications of definite integral
Trigonometric functionsIntegration
VectorsProbability distribution
Linear programming problemsBernoulli trials and Binomial distribution
Three-dimensional geometryContinuity

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 Physics

Circular motionAngular displacement, Angular velocity and angular acceleration, Relation between linear velocity and angular velocity, Uniform circular motion, Radial acceleration, Centripetal and centrifugal forces, Banking of roads, Vertical circular motion due to earth’s gravitation, Equation for velocity and energy at different positions of vertical circular motion. Kinematical equations for circular motion in analogy with linear motion.
GravitationNewton’s law of gravitation, Projection of satellite, Periodic time, Statement of Kepler’s laws of motion, Binding energy and escape velocity of a satellite, Weightlessness condition in orbit, Variation of ‘g’ due to altitude, lattitude, depth and motion, Communication satellite and its uses.
Rotational motionDefinition of M.I., K.E. of rotating body, Rolling motion, Physical significance of M.I., Radius of gyration, Torque, Principle of parallel and perpendicular axes, M.I. of some regular shaped bodies about specific axes, Angular momentum and its conservation.
OscillationsExplanation of periodic motion, S.H.M., Differential equation of linear S.H.M. Projection of U.C.M. on any diameter, Phase of S.H.M., K.E. and P.E. in S.H.M., Composition of two S.H.M.’s having same period and along same line, Simple pendulum, Damped S.H.M.
ElasticityGeneral explanation of elastic property, Plasticity, Deformation, Definition of stress and strain, Hooke’s law, Poisson’s ratio, Elastic energy, Elastic constants and their relation, Determination of ‘Y’, Behaviour of metal wire under increasing load, Applications of elastic behaviour of materials.
Surface tensionSurface tension on the basis of molecular theory, Surface energy, Surface tension, Angle of contact, Capillarity and capillary action, Effect of impurity and temperature on surface tension.
Wave motionSimple harmonic progressive waves, Reflection of transverse and longitudinal waves, Change of phase, Superposition of waves, Formation of beats, Doppler effect in sound.
Stationary wavesStudy of vibrations in a finite medium, Formation of stationary waves on string, Study of vibrations of air columns, Free and Forced vibrations, Resonance.
Kinetic theory of gases and RadiationConcept of an ideal gas, Assumptions of kinetic theory, Mean free path, Derivation for pressure of a gas, Degrees of freedom, Derivation of Boyle’s law, Thermodynamics- Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature, 1st law of thermodynamics, 2nd law of thermodynamics, Heat engines and refrigerators, Qualitative idea of black body radiation,Wein’s displacement law, Green house effect, Stefan’s law, Maxwell distribution, Law of equipartition of energy and application to Specific heat capacities of gases.
Wave theory of lightWave theory of light, Huygens’ Principle, Construction of plane and spherical wave front, Wave front and wave normal, Reflection at plane surface, Refraction at plane surface, Polarisation, Polaroids, Plane polarised light, Brewster’s law, Doppler effect in light.
Interference and diffractionInterference of light, Conditions for producing steady interference pattern, Young’s experiment, Analytical treatment of interference bands, Measurement of wavelength by biprism experiment, Diffraction due to single slit, Rayleigh’s criterion, Resolving power of a microscope and telescope, Difference between interference and diffraction.
ElectrostaticsGauss’ theorem proof and applications, Mechanical force on unit area of a charged conductor, Energy density of a medium, Dielectrics and electric polarisation, Concept of condenser, Capacity of parallel plate condenser, Effect of dielectric on capacity, Energy of charged condenser, Condensers in series and parallel, van-deGraaff generator.
Current electricityKirchhoff’s law, Wheatstone’s bridge, Meter bridge, Potentiometer.
Magnetic effects of electric currentAmpere’s law and its applications, Moving coil galvanometer, Ammeter, Voltmeter, Sensitivity of moving coil galvanometer, Cyclotron.
MagnetismCircular current loop as a magnetic dipole, Magnetic dipole moment of revolving electron, Magnetisation and magnetic intensity, Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism, Ferromagnetism on the basis of domain theory, Curie temperature.
Electromagnetic inductionsLaws of electromagnetic induction, proof of, e = – dØ/dt Eddy currents, Self induction and mutual induction, Need for displacement current, Transformer, Coil rotating in uniform magnetic induction, Alternating currents, Reactance and impedance, LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only) Power in a.c circuit with resistance, inductance and capacitance, Resonant circuit, Wattless current, AC generator.
Electrons and photonsPhotoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations, Einstein’s equation, Particle nature of light.
Atoms, Molecules and NucleiAlpha particle scattering experiment, Rutherford’s model of atom. Bohr’s model, Hydrogen spectrum, Composition and size of nucleus, Radioactivity, Decay law, massenergy relation, mass defect, B.E. per nucleon and its variation with mass number, Nuclear fission and fusion, de Broglie hypothesis, Matter waves – wave nature of particles, Wavelength of an electron, Davisson and Germer experiment, Continuous and characteristics X-rays.
SemiconductorsEnergy bands in solids, Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, P-type and Ntype semiconductor, P-N junction diode, I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, Rectifiers, Zener diode as a voltage regulator, Photodiode, Solar cell, I-V characteristics of LED, Transistor action and its characteristics, Transistor as an amplifier (CE mode), Transistor as a switch, Oscillators and Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, NOR).
Communication systemsElements of communication system, bandwidth of signals, bandwidth of transmission medium, Need for modulation, Production and detection of an amplitude modulated wave, space communication, Propagation of electromagnetic waves in atmosphere.

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 Chemistry

Solid StateClassification of solids, unit cell in 2 & 3-dimensional lattices, calculation of density, voids, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors, insulators and n-p type semiconductors.
Solutions and colligativepropertiesTypes of solutions, concentration of solids in liquids, Raoult’s law elevation of boiling point, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, Van’t Hoff factor, etc
Chemical thermodynamics and energeticWork, heat, energy, First law of thermodynamics, Hess’ law of constant heat summation, extensive and intensive properties, enthalpy of bond dissociation, Second and third law of thermodynamics, etc
ElectrochemistryKohlrausch’s Law, lead accumulator, dry cell –electrolytic and galvanic cells, EMF, fuel cells, Nernst equation
Chemical kineticsActivation energy, rate law and specific rate constant, Arrhenius equation, concept of collision theory, etc
General principles and processes of isolation of elementsPrinciples and methods of extraction, reduction electrolytic method and refining
p-Block elementsGroup 15 elements, Group 16 elements, Classification of oxides, Group 17 elements, Group 18 elements, etc.
d and f Block ElementsLanthanoids, Actinoids, first row transition metals, interstitial compounds, alloy formation
Coordination compoundsIUPAC nomenclature, Werner’s theory, coordination number, magnetic properties, VBT, CFT. isomerism,
Halogen derivatives of alkanesHaloalkanes, Haloarenes, stability of carbocations, d-l and R-S configurations.
Alcohols, phenols and ethersNomenclature, physical and chemical properties, methods of preparation, etc
Aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acidsNomenclature, physical and chemical properties, methods of preparation, etc
Organic compounds containing nitrogenAmines, Diazonium salts, Cyanides and isocyanides, etc
BiomoleculesCarbohydrates, Proteins, Vitamins, Nucleic acids, etc
PolymersClassification, methods of polymerization, copolymerization, polythene, bakelite, nylon, polyesters, and rubber, Biodegradable, non-biodegradable polymers.
Chemistry in everyday lifeChemicals in medicines, Chemicals in food, Cleansing agents

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 Biology

Genetics and EvolutionGenetic Basis of Inheritance, Gene- its nature, expression and regulation, RNA, Protein Synthesis;
Biotechnology and its applicationGenetic engineering, cloning a DNA Library, Plasmids, Bacteriophages, BT crops, Biosafety Issues, etc
Enhancement in Food ProductionTissue Culture, Plant Breeding, Single Cell Protein, Callus Culture, Biofortification, etc
Microbes in Human WelfareMicrobes in Household food processing, Industrial Production, Biogas Production, Biocontrol Agents, Sewage Treatment, Biofertilizers, etc
Plant PhysiologyPhotosynthesis, Respiration, Mechanism of Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration, Fermentation, etc
Reproduction in PlantsAsexual reproduction, Sexual Reproduction, Double Fertilization, Pollination, Post-fertilization changes, etc
Habitat and NicheEcosystems, Ecological succession, Environmental issues, etc
ZoologyGenetics and Evolution, Biotechnology and its application
Genetics and EvolutionOrigin and the Evolution of Life, Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance
Genetic Engineering and GenomicsDNA Fingerprinting, Genomics, Human insulin, Gene Therapy. Transgenic animals.
Human Health and DiseasesImmunology, Antigen-Antibody Complex, Pathogens and Parasites, Adolescence, drug abuse, Cancer and AIDS, etc
Animal HusbandryDairy, Animal Breeding, Fisheries, Lac culture, Poultry, Bee-Keeping, Sericulture
CirculationBlood composition and coagulation, Heart, Pulmonary and Systemic Circulation, Cardiac output, Regulation of cardiac activity, Blood related disorders, ECG, Lymphatic System
Excretion and osmoregulationModes of excretion, Excretory System, Role of Kidney in Osmoregulation, Regulation of kidney function, Disorders, etc
Control and Co-ordinationNervous System, Sensory receptors, Endocrine System, Hormones and their functions, Common disorders, etc
Human ReproductionReproductive system in male and female, Reproductive cycle, Reproductive health, Contraception and sexually transmitted diseases, etc
Ecology and EnvironmentBiodiversity and its conservation, Population and ecological adaptations, Environmental issues,

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 Accountancy

  • Accounting for shares
  • Accounts of “Not for Profit” concerns
  • Analysis of financial statements
  • Bill of Exchange (Only Trade Bill)
  • Company Accounts
  • Dissolution of Partnership Firm
  • Introduction to Partnership
  • Partnership Final Accounts
  • Reconstitution of Partnership
  • Single entry system

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 Economics

  • Introduction to Micro-economics
  • Consumers behavior
  • Types of Market & Price determination
  • Factors of Production
  • Analysis of Supply
  • Introduction to Macro-economics
  • National Income
  • Determinants of Aggregates
  • Money
  • Commercial Bank
  • Central Bank
  • Public Economics

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 English

  • Tenses
  • Types of sentences
  • Clauses
  • Reported speech
  • Prepositions
  • Word formation
  • Infinitives
  • Gerunds and Participles
  • Linking words/discourse markers
Reading Skills (Textual and non-textual)40%
Writing Skills25%
Orla test20%
Section-wise weightage of chapters in 12th boards HSC 2023-24 for English

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 History

  • Applied History in the 21st Century
  • Mass Media and History
  • Entertainment Media and History
  • Tourism and History
  • Museums
  • Historical Research
  • Encyclopedia
  • Administrative Services
  • History Teacher and Teaching

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 Sociology

  • Formation of Indian Society
  • Segments of Indian Society
  • Social Institutions in India
  • Major Social Problems in India
  • National Integration
  • Social Change in India
  • Social reformers in India
  • Globalization and Mass Media

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 Political science

  • Part 1-Indian Constitution: Characteristics
    • Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties.
    • Legislature: Parliament. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, Lawmaking process, Amendment procedure State legislature: Vidhan Sabha, Vidhan Parishad
    • Executive: President – Election, Power and Functions Vice President – Election, Power and Functions Prime Minister and Council of Ministers – Election.
  • Part 2- Politics in India
    • Patterns of Party Competition
      • One-party dominant system
      • Towards multi-party system
    • Political and Social Movements
      • Nature of social movement
      • Role of movements in a democratic system
      • Examples of movements, etc.

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025 Geography

  • Population
  • Migration
  • Agriculture
  • Minerals and energy resources
  • Industries
  • Trade
  • Transportation and Communications
  • Economic developments

Other HSC Articles

Maharashtra Board HSC Subjects for Arts

Compulsory Subjects

Elective Subjects


  • A Modern Indian Language
  • A Modern Foreign Language
  • Sanskrit
  • Ardhamagadhi
  • Pali
  • Arabic
  • Persian
  • Avesta-Pahlavi
  • History
  • Geography
  • Mathematics and Statistics
  • Political Science
  • Child Development
  • Textile
  • Sociology
  • Philosophy
  • Logic
  • Psychology
  • Economics
  • Defence Studies
  • Drawing
  • Design and Colour
  • Composition
  • History of Art & Appreciation
  • History and Development of Indian Music
  • Vocal Light Music (Practical I)
  • Vocal Classical Music (Practical II)
  • Instrumental Music (Practical III) or
  • Percussion
  • European Music
  • Historical Development of Indian Classical Dance
  • Book-Keeping & Accountancy
  • Co-operation
  • Information Technology
  • English Literature

Modern Indian Language or Modern Foreign Language or Classical Language

Environment Education

Health and Physical Education Elective Subjects

Maharashtra Board HSC Subjects for Commerce

Compulsory Subjects

Elective Subjects


  • Mathematics and statistics
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • Book-keeping and Accountancy
  • Organisation of Commerce and Management
  • Mathematics and Statistics
  • Secretarial Practice
  • Co-operation
  • Occupational Orientation
  • Defence Studies
  • English Literature
  • Information Technology

Modern Indian Language or Modern Foreign Language or Classical Language

Environment Education

Health and Physical Education Elective Subjects

Maharashtra Board HSC Subjects for Science

Compulsory Subjects

Elective Subjects


  • Mathematics and Statistics
  • Geology
  • Child Development
  • Textile
  • Psychology
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • Defence-Studies
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Agriculture Science and Technology
  • Animal Science and Technology
  • Sociology
  • Sanskrit
  • Education
  • Information Technology
  • English literature.

Modern Indian Language or Modern Foreign Language or Classical Language

Environment Education

Health and Physical Education Elective Subjects


Preparation tips to cover Maharashtra HSC Exam Syllabus 2025

  • Complete the Maharashtra 12th syllabus 2025 at least 2 months before the exam, so that they can revise it.
  • While preparing with Maharashtra HSC board syllabus 12th 2025, make notes of Important topics and make a time table for each subject to revise.
  • Refer to the Maharashtra HSC syllabus 2025 and exam pattern to acquaint with the course structure.
  • Clear all your doubts with your teacher and seniors to score high marks in HSC result 2025 Maharashtra Board.
  • Take proper sleep and include some activities in your routine to Keep your mind fresh.

FAQs Related to Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025

  1. Is there any change in Maharashtra 12th board syllabus 2025?

    Yes, Maharashtra Board 12th class syllabus 2025 has not been reduced due to COVID-19. Some topics and chapters form each subject have been deleted. The latest HSC syllabus 2025 Maharashtra board is available on official website.

  2. How can I download Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2025?

    You can visit the official website to download Maharashtra Syllabus 2025 for Class 12th.

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