NIOS 10th & 12th Class Syllabus 2024 PDF Download Available for Public & on-demand Exam

Students appearing in class 10 and 12 exams should check the NIOS syllabus 2024 for theory and practicals. The NIOS syllabus for Public and On-Demand exams is same. It is mandatory for each student to appear in a minimum of 5 subjects. A student can choose a maximum of 2 additional subjects along with the mandatory ones. 

Class wise Syllabus Links
Download NIOS Class 10 syllabus 2024 for all subjects
Check NIOS Syllabus 2024 Class 12 here.

nios syllabus

The NIOS syllabus 2024 for class 12 is classified into six groups namely A, B, C, D, E and F. Similarly for class 10, NIOS syllabus 2024 is divided into two groups A and B. Students can check all the important topic marking scheme, examination pattern from the NIOS Syllabus 2024 for 10th, 12th Class. Check the detailed NIOS exam syllabus 2024 and marking scheme in this article to prepare better. 

NIOS Syllabus 2024 for 10th and 12th

The NIOS Class 10th & 12th syllabus 2024 comprise of the list of subjects available along with the important topics. Students will have to appear in the exams of 5 subjects. Along with this, they can choose two additional subjects by submitting NIOS fees of Rs. 720 per subject. The minimum passing marks for NIOS 10th and 12th exams are 33% and students have to pass in at least 5 subjects.

NIOS Syllabus 2024 for Class 12th 

The subjects for class 12th are broadly classified into six groups. 

  • Students need to choose a total of five subjects of Class 12.
  • One or two languages subjects must be chosen from group A.
  • The rest subjects must be chosen from groups B, C, D, E, and F (one subject per group).

NIOS Class 12th Subject List

Group AHindi, English, Urdu, Sanskrit, Gujarati, Bengali, Tamil, Punjabi, Arabic, Persian
Group BMathematics, Home Science, Psychology, Geography, Economics, Business Studies, Painting, Data Entry Operations, Tourism, Ved Adhyayan, Sanskrit Vyakaran, Sanskrit Sahitya, Bhartiya Darshan
Group CPhysics, History, Library and Information Science
Group DChemistry, Political Science, Mass Communication
Group EBiology, Accountancy, Introduction to Law
Group FComputer Science, Sociology, Environmental Science

Subject-wise NIOS 12th Syllabus 2024

The syllabus for class 12th or important topics of all subjects are given in the following tables. 


Important Topics


  • Introduction to Financial Accounting
  • Accounting terms
  • Accounting, equation and Journal
  • Voucher Approach in Accounting
  • Bank Reconciliation Statement
  • Financial Statements
  • Partnership Accounts
  • Accounting for Share Capital


  • Diversity and evolution of life
  • Cell, Cell functions, and Tissues
  • Functional morphology and Life processes in plants
  • Functional morphology and Life processes in animals
  • Reproduction and Development
  • Heredity and Genetics
  • Population Explosion and Family Planning
  • Environmental Biology


  • Atom molecule and chemical arithmetic
  • Atomic structure and chemical bonding
  • States of matter
  • Chemical energetic
  • Chemical dynamics
  • Chemistry of elements
  • Chemistry of organic compounds

Commerce (Business studies)

  • Introduction to business
  • Business as a career
  • Trade and service activities
  • Management of business
  • Financing of business
  • Marketing


  • Reading and functional grammar
  • Functional writing and study skills
  • Listening and speaking skills
  • English for specific purpose. 
  • English for science-health and hygiene, plant life. 
  • English for receptionist-receiving messages, making request.


  • The Earth – A Living Planet
  • The Domain of Air on the Planet Earth
  • The Domain of Water on the Planet Earth
  • Changing Face of the Planet Earth
  • Life on the Earth
  • Physical Setting in India
  • Natural Resources and their Development in India
  • Man-made Resources and their development in India
  • Human Resource and their 08 Development in India


  • Ancient Indian History
  • Climax of Ancient India
  • Legacy of Ancient India
  • Rise and Fan of the Delhi Sultanate
  • The Mughal Empire
  • Contribution of Medieval India
  • Renascent India
  • India’s Struggle for Independence
  • Maps


  • Complex Numbers & Quadratic Equations
  • Determinants & Matrices
  • Permutations & Combinations
  • Sequences & Series
  • Trigonometry
  • Coordinate Geometry
  • Differential Calculus
  • Integral Calculus


  • Motion, force and energy
  • Mechanical properties of matter
  • Heat and thermodynamics
  • Electricity and magnetism
  • Oscillations and waves
  • Optics and optical instrument
  • Semiconductors and their applications

Political Science

  • Individual state and the global order
  • Aspects of the constitution of India
  • Organs of government
  • Democracy at work
  • Organization of the government
  • Democratic decentralization
  • Contemporary political concerns
  • World politics and India

NIOS Syllabus 2024 for Class 10th 

The subjects for class 10th are given in the first table below. Whereas subject-wise important topics for class 10 are given in the next table. The subjects of NIOS Syllabus 2023 class 10th are broadly classified into two groups. Group A, which includes all the language subjects. Group B includes all the core subjects. 

NIOS Class 10th Subjects List

Group-AHindi, English, Urdu, Sanskrit, Bengali, Marathi, Telugu, Gujarati, Kannada, Punjabi, Arabic, Odia, Persian, Tamil, Nepali, Malayalam, Assamese
Group-BMathematics, Science and Technology, Social Science, Economics, Business Studies, Home Science, Psychology, Indian Culture and Heritage, Accountancy, painting, Ved Adhyayan, Sanskrit Vyakaran, Sanskrit Sahitya, Bhartiya Darshan

Subject-wise NIOS Class 10 Syllabus 2024

SubjectsTopics Covered
Business StudiesNature and scope of the business, Industry, and Commerce, Cooperative societies and joint-stock companies, Transport services, warehousing, communication services, postal and courier services, banking services, outsourcing
EconomicsUnderstanding economics, about the economy, producing goods and services, distribution of goods and services, money, banking and insurance, presentation and analysis of data in economics, Indian economy, Contemporary Economic Issues
EnglishBook 1- Snakebite, how the squirrel got its stripes, Kondiba.Book 2- My vision for India, caring for others, the little girl, a prayer for healing, the truth, the return of the lion.
MathsBook 1-Algebra, commercial mathematics.Book 2- geometry, mensuration, trigonometry, statistics
PsychologyBook 1-Foundations of psychology, Basic Psychological Processes, Human Development.Book 2-Social Psychological Processes, Health and Well Being, Work Life and Environmental Concerns, Yoga: A Way of Life
Science and technologyMeasurement in science, matter in our surroundings, moving things, energy, the living world, natural resources, humans, and environment
Social ScienceIntroduction to social science, ancient world, medieval world, modern world, the impact of British rule in India, religious and social awakening in colonial India, popular resistance to the British rule, Indian national movement, constitutional values and political system in India, fundamental rights and fundamental duties.

NIOS Syllabus 2024 Marking Scheme for class 10 and 12

The marking scheme for class 10th and 12th are given in the tables below. The maximum marks for a language paper are 100 and the exam duration is 3 hours. Refer to the table below, to know the marking scheme of all the subjects. 

Marking Scheme for NIOS 10th



Duration (in hours)

Group A

English, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Telugu, Gujarati, Kannada, Punjabi, Nepali, Assamese, Marathi, Sanskrit, Malayalam, Odia, Arabic, Persian and Tamil.



Group B 


Indian Culture and Heritage



Social Science



Science (Theory) 



Science (Practical)



Mathematics (Theory) 



Mathematics (Practical)



Home Science (Theory) 



Home Science (Practical)



Painting (Theory) 



Painting (Practical)












Business Studies



Data Entry Operations (Theory) 


Data Entry Operations  (Practical)



Marking Scheme of NIOS 12th 

SubjectsMarksDuration (in hours)
Mathematics 1003
Chemistry (Theory) 803
Chemistry (Practical)203
Biology (Theory)803
Biology (Practical)203
Physics (Theory)803
Physics (Practical) 203
Geography (Theory)803
Geography (Practical)203
Political Science1003
Business Studies1003

Tips to Cover NIOS Exam Syllabus 2024

  • Check the NIOS exam dates and make a study plan accordingly.
  • Analyze the NIOS Syllabus 2024 carefully and know about all the important topics that you should study during preparation. 
  • Make short notes on every topic which will be helpful during the last minute revision. 
  • Practice with NIOS question papers to know about the marking scheme and the difficulty level of questions asked previously. 
  • Revise the topics on a regular basis. 
  • practice with the NIOS sample papers to increase the speed and accuracy during the examination

Also read

FAQ’s Related to NIOS Exam Syllabus 2024

  1. What are the passing marks for NIOS Exams?

    NIOS Passing marks for Class 10 and 12 exams are 33% of total marks.

  2. Is it compulsory to pass in all five subjects? 

    Yes, this is compulsory to pass in all five subjects. 

  3. Is NIOS syllabus different from the CBSE?

    The syllabus is almost similar but there is a difference in the choice of subjects available. 

  4. What is the difficulty level of NIOS exam?

    The questions asked in the NIOS exams are of Moderate level. 

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