India Independence Day: Why & How is it celebrated?

India Independence Day: Independence Day is a national holiday that is celebrated in India every year as, on August 15, 1947, Indians were granted freedom from British rule. Indian Independence Day is a day that brings new beginnings to the nation. India was declared an independent nation, and the control of the country was handed over to the leaders of the country, where they could self-govern without the oppressive rule of the British. 

Independence Day 2024 is 77 or 78?

This is the most common question among people that is it 77 or 78 independence day 2024?

India got freedom on August 15, 1947 and this year, we will celebrate the 78th Independence Day. On 15 August 2024, 77 years of Independence will be completed and 78th independence year will start, so India will celebrate 78th Independence Day in the year 2024.

On Independence Day, the prime minister of India participates in the flag-bearing ceremony at the Red Fort every year, and there are various cultural programmes and assemblies with members of the armed forces and police. The details mentioned in below will help in learning about India’s independence day. 

Why is India Independence Day Celebrated? 

The history behind Indian Independence Day lies behind the colonial rule of the British. India has been under the control of the British since 1757. India was ruled by the East India Company for a period of 100 years, and later on, they were replaced by British rule. Indians were oppressed, belittled, and had to suffer a lot during their rule. 

In Indian history, we have seen how people retaliated to British rule and wanted freedom against British rule. After a series of revolts, the Indian Independence Bill was passed, wherein India and Pakistan were granted freedom by the British government. After the passage of the bill, India and Pakistan were declared two separate countries and provided with powers to rule themselves.

Indian Independence Day Dates

2023August 15 (Tuesday)76 years of Independence
77th Independence day
2024August 15 (Thursday)77 years of Independence
78th Independence day
2025August 15 (Friday)78 years of Independence
79th Independence day

What is the Indian Independence Act?

The Indian Independence Act was an act that partitioned India between two states, India and Pakistan. The Indian Independence Act was drafted by Clement Atllee on the basis of the Mountbatten Plan, wherein recommendations were made in consultation with the Indian National Congress and Muslim League. 

Lord Mountbatten’s plan was initially rejected by Jawaharlal Nehru, but later on, the final plan, which everyone agreed to, was also known as the Third June Plan. This plan states that India will be divided into two parts: India and Pakistan. The constitution of the constituent assembly will not be liable in Pakistan.

The executive assemblies of various states were provided with the option to vote so as to decide whether they would go to India or Pakistan. The Indian Independence Act 1947 states that India and Pakistan will be granted Indepencde on August 15, 1947.

How is India’s Independence Day Celebrated?

This year is the 78th Independence Day, and this year celebrations will take place on a grand scale. The Independence Day celebrations will take place every year at the Red Fort. A detailed plan of the Independence Day celebrations is mentioned below.

  • The guard of honour and members of the commanders of the three armies, as well as the Delhi police, salute the Prime Minister.
  • The Prime Minister hoists the national flag at the red fort to coincide with the National Assembly’s 21 honorary gunshots.
  • The country’s prime minister addresses the audience, reminding them of the sacrifices and courage required for India’s independence, and how we must never forget our warriors’ sacrifices.
  • The Indian military and parliamentary forces lead a march past during which patriots and independence fighters are acknowledged and details about their lives are provided to the general public.
  • Parades are held throughout the celebration, and students from various schools put on shows based on the topic of Independence Day.

Why India Celebrates Independence Day on the 15th & Pakistan on the 14th?

India and Pakistan got independence on the same day, August 15, 1947, but in 1948, Pakistan changed its independence day to August 14, 1948. It was with this that Pakistan was granted the status of a separate country on August 14, 1947. On this, both Pakistan and India were given the status of an independent state. 

The Indian Independence Act 1947 was signed in India on August 15, 1947, at 12:00 a.m., whereas Pakistan is thirty minutes behind in terms of time, and it was allotted the status of independence on August 14, 1947, at 11:30 p.m. This is the actual reason for Pakistan’s celebration of Independence Day on August 14th.

Importance of Indian Independence Day

Independence Day is celebrated to celebrate the sacrifices made by various freedom fighters and the public to grant independence to the nation. A few important facts regarding the significance of Indian Independence Day are mentioned below. 

  • Independence Day is significant because it commemorates the sacrifices and efforts of the public, freedom fighters, soldiers, and anyone else who participated in gaining India’s freedom from British rule.
  • Independence Day is significant because it provided Indians with the opportunity to self-rule, self-govern, and operate on their own principles without facing opposition from the British.
  • Mahatma Gandhi was one of the freedom fighters who made remarkable contributions to the independence movement through the Satyagraha movements, non-cooperation movements, and civil disobedience movements.
  • Subhas Chandra Bose, BAL Gangadhar Tilak, Bhagat Singh, Mangal Pandey, and Rani Laxmi Bai were the biggest participants in the Indian independence movement.

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Important Facts about India’s National Flag 

During Independence Day, the national flag is hoisted all across the country and at various podiums in schools, colleges, universities, government offices, etc. The national flag of India was adopted on July 22, 1947, during the meeting of the Constitutional Assembly a few days before India’s independence.

Our national flag The top band of the national flag comprises the colour saffron, which represents the strength and courage of the country; the middle white band indicates peace and truth with the dharma chakra. The last band is the green colour that shows the fertility and the auspiciousness of the land. 

Do’s and Don’ts of National Flag on Independence Day 

On Independence Day, the Indian flag is hoisted in various locations, but citizens must ensure that they complete their duty with care. They must ensure they refer to the table mentioned above, considering the dos and don’ts of the national flag.

Dos of the National Flag Don’ts of the National Flag
The national flag may be displayed in schools, colleges, and other educational institutions.The flag should not be used for religious purposes or for draping or wrapping.
An oath of allegiance has been included in the flag hoisting in schools.It should be flown from sunrise to sunset, depending on the weather.
Members of educational or private organizations can hoist the flag on a regular basis, but they must ensure that they maintain the dignity of the national flag.Ensure that the flag does not touch the ground or the floor. It should not be dripped over vehicles such as cars, motorcycles, and aircraft.

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FAQs Related to India’s Independence Day 

  1. Where is Indian Independence Day celebrated every year?

    Indian Independence Day is celebrated every year at the Red Fort.

  2. How many countries have gained independence from British rule?

    A total of 76 countries have gained independence from British rule.

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