CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2025 for Science, Maths, SST, English & Other Subject

CBSE 10th Exam Pattern 2025 – The Central Board of Secondary Examination (CBSE) will share the CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2025 on their website. The latest exam pattern for Class 10 CBSE contains the names of the chapters and the units which are to be assessed in final exams.

Along with the names of the chapters, CBSE also specifies the weightage for each chapter of CBSE 10th exam syllabus 2025. The CBSE 10th exam pattern 2025 for all the subjects including Maths, Science, English, Social Science, etc are available in this article.

CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern Featured Image

CBSE 10th exam Pattern 2025 has the information regarding theory paper conducted by board and the Internal assessment which is conducted by the respective schools. Knowing the CBSE 10th exam pattern will be really helpful for students, as this will allow them to plan a proper strategy.

What are new changes in CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2025?

As per the latest CBSE Class 10 exam pattern 2025, the theory paper will be of 80 marks, while 20 marks will be for internal assessment.

  1. This time the CBSE Class exam pattern 2025 Class 10 has been changed to one term exams to be held as per CBSE 10th exam date 2025.
  2. The paper will contain objective and subjective type questions.
  3. According to CBSE Class 10 exam pattern 2025, duration of the examination will be of 3 hours. The final exam pattern will be released through CBSE Class 10 sample paper 2025.

CBSE 10th Exam Pattern 2025 Overview

The table below briefly shares the CBSE Class 10 exam pattern 2025. In the table provided below, students will get the answers of most commonly asked questions such as what is the total marks in CBSE 10th, marking scheme of CBSE class 10, etc. Students can check the CBSE Class 10 question paper 2025 to know the exam pattern in detail. 

CBSE Exam Pattern of Class 10th Marks 


Total 100 marks (Class X- Syllabus only)

80 Marks (Theory Board Examination) Passing marks- 33% out of 80 in each subject

20 Marks (Internal Assessment) Passing marks- 33% out of 20 in each subject

Periodic Test (10 Marks)

Notebook Submission (5 Marks)

Subject Enrichment Activity (5 Marks)

Language 1

Board exam would be of 80 marks for each subject which would cover 100% of class X syllabus only.

Marks and Grades both will be awarded for individual subjects.

9 point grading system would be followed.

Periodic written Test restricted to three in each subject in an academic year.

Average of best two to be taken for final submission.

This Includes:


Assignment Completion

Neatness and upkeep of notebook

Speaking and Listening Skills

Language 2

Speaking and Listening Skills


Practical Lab work


Maths Lab Work

Social Science

Map work and Project Work

6th Additional Subject

In case a student opts for language as an additional subject, modalities defined for language one and two shall be followed

Subject-wise CBSE 10th Class Exam Pattern 2025

Below given are the CBSE Exam Pattern Class 10 2025 for each subject which contains the name of the chapters or the units which are to be assessed in the Board examination along with its individual weightage. Students can make their preparation plan accordingly.

CBSE 10th Exam Pattern 2025 for Maths

The maths question paper consists of 30 questions divided into 4 segments, Very Short Answer Type(VSA) Questions- 6 questions of 1 marks each, Short Answer Type Questions I – 6 questions of 2 marks each, Short answer type questions II – 10 questions of 3 marks each and Long Answer Type Questions – 8 questions of 4 marks each.

Number System 6
Algebra 20
Coordinate Geometry 6
Geometry 15
Mensuration 10
Statistics and Probability 11
CBSE total marks for 10th Maths80
CBSE 10th Exam Pattern for Maths (Topic-wise Marks Distribution)

Check subject-wise CBSE passing marks for Class 10

CBSE Exam Pattern 2025 Class 10th for Science

The Science question paper consists of 27 questions divided into two sections A and B. Section A comprises 2 VSA of 1 mark each, 3 SA-I of 2 marks each, 10 SA-II of 3 marks each and 6 LA of 5 marks each. Section A is based on subject knowledge. Section B comprises 6 questions of 2 marks each based on practical knowledge.

Chemical Substances- Nature and Behaviour25
World of Living25
Natural Phenomena12
Effects of Current13
Natural Resources5
CBSE total marks for 10th English80
Internal Assessment20
Grand Total100
CBSE 10th Exam Pattern for Science (Topic-wise Distribution of marks)

CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2025 For Social Science

The Social Science question paper consists of 25 questions from the main subject and 1-3 questions based on map skills.

History – India and the Contemporary World – II20
Geography – Contemporary India – II20
Political Science – Democratic Politics – II20
Economics – Understanding Economic Development20
CBSE 10th Exam Pattern for Social Science (Topic-wise distribution of marks)

CBSE Class 10th Exam Pattern 2025 For English

The English question paper consists of 11 questions divided into 3 sections A, B and C.

SectionNumber of questionsTotal marks
A: Reading220
B: Writing and Grammar220
C: Literature240
CBSE 10th Exam Pattern for English

CBSE Class 10th Exam Pattern 2025 For Hindi

Reading Section ( Unseen Passage )10
Writing and Grammar Section16
Literature Section14
Descriptive Questions20
Internal Assessment20
Grand Total100

CBSE Class 10th Exam Pattern 2025 For Computer Application

Unit NameMarks
Cyber ethics10
Grand Total100

CBSE Class 10th Exam Pattern 2025 Home Science

Unit NameMarks
Human Growth & Development – II12
Management of Resources12
Food and Personal Hygiene8
Meal Planning13
Food Safety and Consumer Education12
Care and Maintenance of Fabrics and Apparel13
Grand Total100

Internal Assessment in CBSE 10th Exam Pattern 2025

Out of total 100 marks, 20 marks will be given as internal marks by the respective schools. The school authorities will award these marks on the basis of the periodic tests, notebook submission and other practicals or subject enrichment activities conducted in the School.

  • The periodic tests are pen paper based tests conducted in the school and checked by school teachers. These tests will be used to check the preparation level of the students, before the main examination and provide extra focus if a student needs it.
  • Notebook submission marks are usually given on the basis of the regularity of the submission of their notebooks or registers of each subject. Also the classroom behaviour is also assessed under this category.
  • Subject Enrichment activities can have any type of activity like in Maths and Science, usually there are practicals conducted based on the curriculum and in SST, there can be any activity like a quiz or a narration and in Language subjects, usually an assessment of speaking and listening is conducted.

Also Check

FAQs CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2025

Is there any change in the CBSE 10th Pattern 2025?

Yes, CBSE has made some major changes in the CBSE 2025 Exam Pattern for class 10th. The exams will be held in single term only in February-March 2025.

What if I fail to get the passing marks in CBSE 10th Board examination?

According to CBSE, if a student fails in one or more subjects, then he/she will have to appear in the compartment exams in order to improve their scores.

Is there any negative marking in any paper conducted by CBSE Board?

No, examinations do not have any negative marking in the paper, as per CBSE Class 10 exam pattern 2025.

What are the total marks in CBSE 10th?

The theory papers will be of 80 marks and internal assessment will be of 20 marks.

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