Medical Degrees in India- UG & PG Medical Degrees after 12th

Medical Degrees in India are considered one of the reputed professions. It is pursued by putting in excess hard work in Standard 12 and facing Nation-level entrance exams conducted by the respective exam body. Students willing to pursue a Medical degree should have completed Class 12 with maximum marks scored in main subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Botany & Zoology).

Types of Medical Degrees

Medical Degrees can be categorized as per the level of study and eligibility. Students are required to crack the NEET exam with good scores to get admission to popular medical degrees.

  • UG Medical Degrees
  • PG Medical Degrees

UG Medical Degrees

Students who completed Standard 12 with an aggregate of 50% marks in main subjects along with NEET Scores are able to pursue UG Medical Degree. A list of medical Degrees is provided to the students from which the aspirants must choose the desired Course 

Medical Courses after 12th with their Names

UG Medical DegreeAbbreviation
Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of SurgeryMBBS
Bachelor of Dental SurgeryBDS
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & SurgeryBAMS
Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery BUMS
Bachelor of Homoeopathy Medicine & SurgeryBHMS
Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and SurgeryBSMS
Bachelor of PhysiotherapyBPT
Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal HusbandryBVSc AH
Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic scienceBNYS

Detailed List of UG Medical Degrees

MBBSDuration of the course is five and half years. Students may be taught about Physiology, pathology in medicine and surgery.Graduates who complete MBBS are able to function as registered Medical practitioners in the hospital.Revised pay remuneration is done for Medical practitioners.
BDSThe duration of the course is five years and students are taught about Dental Medicine for four years and last year practical internship. Registered Dentists are able to practice dentistry in Dental hospitals. They are paid as per revised remuneration up to 9 – 23 LPA.
BAMSIt is a five and a half years course with a mandatory internship of 12 months. Registered BAMS practitioners are able to practice in recognized Ayurvedic hospitals. They are paid an average salary of 4 LPA.
BUMSThe duration of the course includes 5.5 years with application of Unani system of medicine as internship.Registered practitioners are able to practise in Unani medical hospitals or campuses. They are paid an average salary of 2 – 12 LPA .
BHMSThe duration of the course is five and half years with one year rotary internship in the final year.Registered people are able to practise the System in recognised hospitals.They are paid an average salary of 3- 14 LPA
BSMSDuration of the course is 5.5 years with one year compulsory practical internship and 4.5 years of theory classes.Registered people are able to practise the system in recognised hospitals.They are paid an average salary of Rs. 11,000/- per month.
BPTDuration of the course is 4.5 years with six months of compulsory internship in the final session.They are able to practise physiotherapy in recognised hospitals or physiotherapy centres.They are paid with an average salary of Rs, 21, 848 per month.
BNYSDuration of the course is 5.5 years with one-year compulsory internship after 12th Standard Science. Person who completed the course can practise Naturopathy and Yogic science anywhere in India.They are paid an average salary of 2.5  – 7  LPA 

Medical courses without NEET

  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
  • Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Technology in Biomedical Engineering
  • Bachelor of Science in Microbiology (Non-Clinical)
  • Bachelor of Science in Cardiac or Cardiovascular Technology
  • Bachelor of Perfusion Technology or Bachelor of Science in Cardio-Pulmonary Perfusion Technology
  • Bachelor of Respiratory Therapy
  • Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Bachelor of Science in Genetics

Post Graduation In Medical Degree

Aspirants who achieved Graduation in Medical course may also seek admission to Postgraduate. Specialisation in particular curriculum may be achieved to focus improvisation and growth in medical career.

Post Graduation is pursued to diagnose and treat patients in relevant specialisation. Graduates who are willing to pursue Post Graduation are required to prepare and face the entrance examination. Check out the list of specialisation in PG Medical Degree.

PG DegreeAbbreviation 
Doctor of MedicineMD
Masters of SurgeryMS
Diplomate of National BoardDNB

Graduates may pursue specialisation in either of the PG degrees mentioned above. Check out the availabilities:

Doctor of Medicine

General Physician or MBBS graduates are able to pursue higher studies in Post Graduation as Doctor of Medicine. Aspiring Doctors are required to appear for a specific entrance exam (NEET) to pursue their desired specialization in Doctor of Medicine. Aspiring Doctors may choose either of the courses from the list given below for Post Graduation. They are:

  1. Anesthesiology
  2. Paediatrics
  3. Biochemistry
  4. Dermatology
  5. Forensic Medicine
  6. Family Medicine
  7. Microbiology
  8. General Medicine

Master of Surgery

Once completing MBBS, the registered physicians are able to pursue Post Graduation in respective specialisations Master of Surgery. To study the Post Graduation course, the UG doctors should appear for a specific entrance exam (NEET). Once the entrance exam cleared with minimum required marks, the UG Doctors can pursue the desired specialisation from the list suggested below: 

  1. Ear, Nose and Throat
  2. Dermatology
  3. Leprosy
  4. Venereology
  5. Ophthalmology
  6. Orthopediatrics
  7. Obstetrics and Gynaecology

DNB Speciality

Medically Registered Practitioners can pursue Post Graduation in DNB by appearing for NEET for PG Specialisations. They can choose one of the desired specialisation course to pursue in PG. A list of specialisation in DNB Speciality is given below:

  1. Anesthesiology
  2. Anatomy
  3. Biochemistry
  4. Dermatology
  5. Emergency Medicine
  6.  Family Medicine
  7. Forensic Medicine
  8. Field Epidemiology
  9. General Medicine.

Paramedical Courses in India

Apart from Medical Degrees available in India, there are possible paramedical courses ready for aspiring students. The Paramedical Council of India has categorized the Paramedical Courses into three divisions. They are:

  • Certificate course
  • Diploma Course
  • Degree Course.

Certificate Courses

The paramedical council of India has offered number of certificate courses that lasts 3 months to 1 year (maximum). They are:

  • X-Ray/ Radiology Assistant
  • Dialysis Technician
  • MRI Technician
  • Dental Assistant
  • ECG Assistant
  • Nursing Care Assistant

Diploma Courses

Paramedical Council of India also offers number of Diploma programs that accompanies medical professions. Candidates who completes Standard 10 or +2 can pursue the two-year courses offered. They are:

  • Diploma in X-Ray Technology
  • Diploma in ECG Technology
  • Diploma in Operation Theatre Technology
  • Diploma in Anesthesia technology
  • Diploma in Dialysis Technology

Degree courses

Paramedical Council of India offers four-year Degree courses to accompany the medical profession. Candidates who completes 10+2 or Diploma course after 10th Standard are able to pursue the Degree courses offered by Paramedical Council of India. Some of them are:

  • Bachelor of Pharmacy
  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
  • Bachelor of Speech Therapy 

Top Colleges for Paramedical Courses in India

Some of the top colleges or institutions for Paramedical courses are:

  • Amity University, Jaipur
  • GITAM University, Vishakapaatnam
  • Tamil Nadu Dr. MGR Medical University for medical and Paramedical courses.
  • IIHMR University, Jaipur

Students who desire to choose a medical profession should have to complete an undergraduate degree course of five and a half years. After completing the graduation in Medical Degree, a graduate can pursue specialisation in desired course.

It is necessary to face and crack the entrance examination to pursue any sort of Post Graduation course in Medical Degree.

FAQs Related to Medical Degrees in India

  1. Which entrance exams are recommended to pursue a Medical Degree Course?

    Aspirants who desire to pursue a Medical course should face the National Entrance cum Eligibility Test (NEET) conducted by the National Testing Agency.

  2. What is the minimum eligibility to pursue a Medical Degree?

    Aspirants must have completed Class 12 from a reputed educational institute with maximum marks along with the required NEET score.