MBBS vs MD: Difference of MBBS & MD, Know Which is Better?

MBBS vs MD: After completing their schooling, the medical aspirants get confused about MBBS and MD. MBBS is an undergraduate course to practice surgery and medicine whereas MD is a postgraduate course that graduates complete after MBBS. 

MBBS vs MD – What are these Degrees?

Before looking into the differences, let’s understand what these courses are all about. MBBS is a 5.5 years course. MBBS syllabus contains the topics about medicines and human anatomy to cure diseases. It’s the first step toward becoming a doctor while MD is a 3-year postgraduate degree that MBBS graduates pursue to gain more knowledge about medicine. 

The following table gives a brief overview of MBBS and MD and helps the students to clear up the confusion in their minds.

MBBS vs MD: Overview

ParameterMBBSMD
AboutA bachelor’s degree course with theoretical and practical training in surgery and medicine.Postgraduate Medical Degree after MBBS.
Know more courses after MBBS
EligibilityAspirants have to complete their classes 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as their subjects.Aspirants have to be MBBS graduates from a recognized medical college in India.
DurationMBBS is a 5.5 years course including an internship.MD program is taught for 3 years.
Relaxation in FeesThe reserved category receives a 10 percent relaxation in MBBS Fee 2023, if they pass the minimum eligibility criteria.The reserved category receives a 10 percent relaxation for the aspirants belonging to the CS/CT/OBC category
Age LimitThe age limit for the course is 25 years.There is no age limit for this course.
Admission ProcessThe admission for MBBS is the NEET entrance exam. Aspirants can also try AIIMS or JIPMER.Aspirants can give any of the entrance exams called the NEET-PG, AIIMS-PG, NBE, and JIPMER-PG examinations.
SalaryThe average salary per month is around Rs.27,000 – Rs.1,50,000.The average salary per month is around Rs.1,04,946 – Rs.2,45,658.
SpecialtiesAnaesthesiology, Anatomy, Biochemistry
UG PG, Biophysics, Community, Medicine, Dermatology and Venereology, Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Laboratory Medicine, Medicine, Microbiology, Nuclear Medicine
Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Ophthalmology, Pathology, Pediatrics, Pharmacology, Physiology, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (PMR), Psychiatry, Radio-Diagnosis, Radiotherapy
Surgery, Otorhinolaryngology (ENT), Orthopedics

MBBS vs MD Course

Bachelor in Medicine, Bachelor in Surgery is a 5.5-year undergraduate course with theoretical and practical training in every field of medicine. Aspirants would be studying Applied Medical Biochemistry, Applied Pharmacology, Human Anatomy, Pathology and Physiology in detail, Human Microbiology, Dermatology, Pediatrics, General Surgery, and so on.

On the other hand, a Doctor in Medicine is a postgraduate course that offers specialization in Dentistry, Pediatrics, Gynecology, Obstetrics, Ophthalmology, and so on. Aspirants can pursue this course only after completing their MBBS. 

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MBBS vs MD: Eligibility Criteria

For MBBS, Aspirants have to complete their 10+2 with chemistry, physics, and biology as their main subjects. They have to clear it with a minimum of 50% aggregate. The reserved category gets 10% off only if they fulfill the eligibility criteria.

On the other side, MD aspirants need to be MBBS graduates from a recognized medical college with a minimum aggregate of 50%. The CS/CT/OBC category receives 10% relaxation.

MBBS vs MD: Admission Process 

The MBBS admission process in India solely depends on the NEET 2023 entrance exam, which is held during May or June. Only shortlisted candidates of NEET merit list 2023 can secure a seat in the medical college. They can also try AIIMS or JIPMER.

The admission process for MD depends on the entrance exams such as NEET-PG, AIIMS-PG, NBE, and JIPMER-PG examinations. Only the shortlisted ones can get admission into it.

MBBS vs MD: Job and Salary 

For MBBS graduates, the average salary per month is around Rs.27,000 – Rs.1,50,000. For MD graduates, the average salary per month is around Rs.1,04,946 – Rs.2,45,658. They may vary according to the job profile and the experience one may have with time.

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FAQs Related to MBBS and MD 

What is the full form of MBBS and MD?

The full form of MBBS is Bachelor in Medicine, Bachelor in Surgery whereas the full form of MD is Doctor of Medicine.

Can I do MD before MBBS?

No, Aspirants have to clear MBBS with the 50% minimum aggregate to pursue MD. Only after clearing the entrance exam and fulfilling the eligibility criteria, shortlisted students can secure a seat in MD.

What is the admission process for MD?

The admission process for MD depends on the entrance exams such as NEET-PG, AIIMS-PG, NBE, and JIPMER-PG examinations. 

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