MBBS Syllabus 2024 ‣ Semester-wise Subjects, Topics, Year-wise Syllabus

Aspirants should be well versed with the MBBS syllabus 2024 if they want to pursue their career in it. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is the popular MBBS degree to practice in the medical field.

Before skimming through the syllabus of MBBS, aspirants should know that the MBBS syllabus is broadly divided into three subject heads i.e. Pre-clinical, Para-clinical, and clinical. It also includes microbiology, biochemistry, anatomy, pharmacology, physiology, and pathology.
Also check | NEET Syllabus 2024 PDF Download

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By being aware of the MBBS syllabus before the commencement of the classes, students would be able to perform comparatively better than others who are ignorant about it. With prior knowledge of the MBBS syllabus, medical students can get first-hand experience on how things work in the field of medicine. 

Phase-wise MBBS Syllabus for Medicine Subjects 

MBBS aspirants can see the table below to understand the MBBS course duration in phases.

Phases of MBBS Syllabus 

Phase I2 semesterPre-clinical subjects
Phase II3 semesterPara-clinical and Clinical subjects
Phase III4 semesterContinuation of the study of clinical subjects for 7 semesters after passing semester I

How to get admission to the MBBS course? 

To get MBBS admission in India, aspirants need to qualify for the NEET exam. NEET is a single national medical entrance exam for undergraduates to secure a seat in a medical college. The students with exemplary performance in the NEET 2024 exam will get shortlisted for the counseling session.

Division of MBBS Syllabus 

Here is the list of MBBS subjects divided into three phases, for the reference of candidates.

19 Subjects of MBBS

  • Anatomy
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Community Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pathology
  • Microbiology
  • Community Medicine
  • Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
  • Clinical postings inwards
  • OPD
  • ENT
  • Ophthalmology
  • Psychiatry
  • Dermatology and Venereology
  • Paediatrics
  • Anesthesiology
  • Orthopaedics
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Phase-wise Subjects of MBBS syllabus



Subjects covered


1-2: two semesters

Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology


3-5: three semesters

Community Medicine; Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings inwards, OPDs to begin here;


6-9: four semesters

Community Medicine, Medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Obstetrics and Gynaecology; Paediatrics

Surgery and allied subjects (Anesthesiology, ENT, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics);

Clinical postings

MBBS Syllabus (Year wise) 

To know more about the divisions of the subject covered under the three phases refer to the table given below.

MBBS 1st year subjects

MBBS SubjectsDescription
AnatomyMicroanatomy, Embryology and Genetics, Gross anatomy, and Neuroanatomy.
BiochemistryMolecular Biology, Biological cell, Hormones, Metabolic pathways, Enzymes, Cancer and cancer makers, Biomolecules, Food assimilation and nutrition.
PhysiologyRespiratory System, Gastrointestinal System, Nutrition, General Physiology, Kidney, Nerve–Muscle, Neurophysiology, Blood, Environmental Physiology, Cardiovascular System, Nutrition, Yoga.

2nd year MBBS subjects

MBBS SubjectsDescription
Community MedicineInfestations, Infective dermatoses, Ineffective dermatoses, Allergic disorders, Allergic disorders, Melanin synthesis, urticaria, Epidermopoiesis, Pathogenesis, Psoriasis, Gonococcal and Nongonococcal infections, HIV infection, Drug eruptions, Dermatological Emergencies, Vesiculo-bullous diseases, erythema multiforme,
PharmacologyGeneral Pharmacology, Autacoids, Gastrointestinal and respiratory system, Cardiovascular system, Hormones, Miscellaneous, Central nervous system, Autonomic nervous system & The peripheral nervous system, Chemotherapy,
PathologySystemic Pathology, General Pathology, Practical.
MicrobiologyBacteriology, Microbiology, Virology, Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infection, Common Tests for Bacterial identification, Common Laboratory Methods for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections, Bacterial and Viral Genetics, Collection of Transport of Samples, Microorganisms associated with gastrointestinal infections, Sterilisation and disinfection, Gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites, Mycology, parasitology, Vaccines, Host-Parasite relationship, Immunodiagnosis, Bacterial Staining and Cultivation,
Forensic Medicine and ToxicologyToxicology, Forensic Medicine.
Clinical postings in wardsClinical postings in wards is what every MBBS student has to go through. Here students will get exposed to 12 week of clinical posting in the field of community medicine.
OPDOPD or Outpatient Department is defined as a particular place in the hospital which consists of medical and physical facilities, along with other staff. Everything takes place here on regularly scheduled hours care to the patients who are not primarily registered as the inpatients.

3rd year MBBS subjects

MBBS SubjectsDescription
Community MedicineCommunity Medicine deals with the health system of the overall population of a community. The service provided at Primary Healthcare centres are taught in this subject.
ENTThe full form of ENT is Ear, Nose and Throat. This field of medicine is also known as otolaryngology. The treatment of the ear, nose, throat, head and neck area of the human body is dealt with in ENT subjects.
OphthalmologyOphthalmology deals with the treatment and diagnosis of the eye. It is derived from the Greek words ophthalmos meaning “eye” and logia meaning “study of the course”

Final year MBBS subjects

MBBS SubjectsDescription
PsychiatryPsychiatric disorders, Emotion and its application to health, Behavioural Sciences, Cognitive process and memory, Schizophrenia, Anxiety neurosis, Bipolar disorders, personality disorders, depression, phobia and OCD Head
Dermatology and VenereologyHealth Education, Environment, Behavioural Sciences, Nutrition, Biostatistics, Rehabilitation, Epidemiology, Important National Health Programs, Health Administration, Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases And Non-communicable Diseases, Counselling Maternal & Child Health, Geriatrics, Health Economics.
PaediatricsGrowth and development, Respiratory system, Vital statistics, Nutrition, Infectious diseases, Immunization, Hematology, Gastro-Intestinal Tract, Cardiovascular system, Central Nervous System, Behavioral Problems, Neonatology, Fluid-Electrolyte, Pediatrics Emergencies, Genetics, Fluid-Electrolyte, Therapeutics, Genito-Urinary System, Pediatrics Surgical Problems.
AnesthesiologyCannulation, Preoperative evaluation & optimization, Nasopharyngeal or Oropharyngeal Airway insertion, Skills I/V, Attaching pulse oximeter, Bag-Mask Ventilation, BP cuff and ECG electrodes and setting up a monitor.
OrthopaedicsOrthopaedic Oncology, Orthopaedic Neurology, Paediatric orthopaedics, Sports Medicine, Management of Trauma, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Radiology, Disorders of Spine, Fracture.
Obstetrics and GynaecologyObstetrics, Gynaecology, Basic Sciences, Neonatology and Recent Advances, Contraception.

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MBBS Syllabus – 12 Months of Internship 

Medical students have to complete their one-year internship at MBBS. Students are given hands-on experience on how things work in the medical field. They would be taught interpersonal relationships with their patients and the concerned department would be maintaining a logbook with their candidates. The postings will keep on changing according to the intervals mentioned below.

Internship Postings – Division based on months

Medicine1.5 months
Surgery1.5 months
Rural3 months
Pediatrics1 month
Obstetrics and Gynaecology1 month
Casualty1 month
Anaesthesiology15 days
Ophthalmology15 days
Elective2 months
Total12 months

MBBS Career Opportunities 

Aspirants can get employment opportunities in reputed companies across the nation and the globe. Medical students can get job opportunities in both the public and private sectors. The job opportunities medical students can look forward to after completing their MBBS are Doctors, Physicians, Surgeons, Medical Professors, Researchers, and Scientists. Not only hospitals, but many other fields also require MBBS professionals such as Laboratories, Biomedical companies, Nursing homes, Medical colleges, Health centers, Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology companies, and so on.

MBBS Specialisations 

Most medical students prefer to continue their studies by pursuing a specialization in the field of their interest. At this stage, medical students’ most preferred course is MD/MS or a diploma in medicine. Admission to which is conducted through PG entrance exams like NEET PG and INI CET. The specialization offered under MS, MD, and other diploma programs are mentioned below.

MD Specialization after MBBS 

  • Aerospace Medicine 
  • Anatomy 
  • Anesthesia 
  • Biochemistry 
  • Community Medicine 
  • Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy 
  • Family Medicine 
  • Forensic Medicine 
  • General Medicine 
  • Geriatrics 
  • Health Administration 
  • Hospital Administration 
  • Immunohaematology 
  • Microbiology 
  • Nuclear Medicine 
  • Pediatrics 
  • Pathology 
  • Pharmacology 
  • Psychiatry 
  • Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 
  • Physiology 
  • Pulmonary Medicine 
  • Radiodiagnosis 
  • Radiotherapy 
  • Sports Medicine 
  • Tropical Medicine

MS Specialization after MBBS 

  • ENT 
  • General Surgery 
  • Obstetrics & Gynecology 
  • Ophthalmology 
  • Orthopedics 

Diploma Specialization after MBBS 

  • Anesthesia 
  • Clinical Pathology 
  • DVL 
  • ENT 
  • Health Education 
  • Immunohaematology 
  • Obstetrics & Gynecology 
  • Occupational Health 
  • Ophthalmology 
  • Orthopedics 
  • Pediatric 
  • Psychiatry 
  • Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 
  • Pulmonary Medicine 
  • Radio-diagnosis 
  • Radiation Medicine 
  • Sports Medicine 
  • Tropical Medicine 

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FAQs Related to the MBBS syllabus 

In how many phases the MBBS syllabus is divided?

MBBS syllabus is divided into three phases–Pre-clinical, Para-clinical, and Clinical subjects.

Can I get admission into the MBBS course without clearing the NEET exam?

No, a candidate has to clear the NEET exam to secure a seat in the MBBS course.

How many years of internship do medical students have to complete their MBBS?

A medical student has to complete a rotatory internship of 1 year to complete their MBBS.

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